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Feb
13
Pruning Exchange Distribution Lists
Posted by Dave Shackelford on 13 February 2014 12:57 PM

Some organizations end up having cluttered distribution lists still populated with mailboxes belonging to employees who have left the company. One strategy I’ve employed is when an employee leaves, to add their mailbox to a Distribution List I call “Sunset”. That list contains all non-active employees whose mailboxes have not been deleted yet.

Once the mailbox is listed there, I can simply run the following script.

Get-DistributionGroup | where {$_.SamAccountName -ne “Sunset”} | get-distributiongroupmember | remove-distributiongroupmember “Sunset”

This checks every distribution group’s membership against the Sunset DL’s membership and removes any members of the Sunset list from the other lists.


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Jan
12

Original Posted Here:  MPECS Inc. Blog: Set Exchange 2010 and 2013 Internal and External Virtual Directory URLs in PowerShell

Here are the elevated PowerShell commands to run to set the virtual directory URLs

Get-ActiveSyncVirtualDirectory -server EXCHANGE | Set-WebServicesVirtualDirectory -ExternalUrl ‘https://mail.DOMAIN.ca/Microsoft-Server-ActiveSync’ -InternalUrl ‘https://mail.DOMAIN.ca/Microsoft-Server-ActiveSync’
Get-AutodiscoverVirtualDirectory -server EXCHANGE | Set-AutodiscoverVirtualDirectory -ExternalUrl ‘https://mail.DOMAIN.ca/Autodiscover/Autodiscover.xml’ -InternalUrl ‘https://mail.DOMAIN.ca/Autodiscover/Autodiscover.xml’
Get-ECPVirtualDirectory -server EXCHANGE | Set-AutodiscoverVirtualDirectory -ExternalUrl ‘https://mail.DOMAIN.ca/ECP’ -InternalUrl ‘https://mail.DOMAIN.ca/ECP’
Get-OabVirtualDirectory -server EXCHANGE | Set-AutodiscoverVirtualDirectory -ExternalUrl ‘https://mail.DOMAIN.ca/OAB’ -InternalUrl ‘https://mail.DOMAIN.ca/OAB’
Get-WebServicesVirtualDirectory -server EXCHANGE | Set-WebServicesVirtualDirectory -ExternalUrl ‘https://mail.DOMAIN.ca/EWS/Exchange.asmx’ -InternalUrl ‘https://mail.DOMAIN.ca/EWS/Exchange.asmx’
The elevated PowerShell commands to verify the settings:

Get-ActiveSyncVirtualDirectory | fl internalurl,externalurl
Get-AutoDiscoverVirtualDirectory | fl internalurl,externalurl
Get-ECPVirtualDirectory | fl internalurl,externalurl
Get-OabVirtualDirectory | fl internalurl,externalurl
Get-WebServicesVirtualDirectory | fl internalurl,externalurl
Please note that we run a split DNS setup to have the external URL map to an internal IP address while folks are in the office (as per SBS STD).

Philip Elder
Microsoft Cluster MVP
MPECS Inc.
Co-Author: SBS 2008 Blueprint Book

Chef de partie in the SMBKitchen
Find out more at
Third Tier: Enterprise Solutions for Small Business


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Jan
9
Some Hyper-V PowerShell Commands for You
Posted by Philip Elder on 09 January 2014 01:59 PM

Original Here: MPECS Inc. Blog: Some Hyper-V PowerShell Commands for You

Here is the command set to create a vSwitch that does _not_ share the connection with the host OS:

image

  • New-VMSwitch -Name vSwitch -NetAdapterName vSwitch -AllowManagementOS 0

Note the zero to indicate no sharing with the host OS.

The -NetAdapterName value is the name of the team we created for the VMs.

Installing features and forcing the local source files is an important thing to do otherwise one may wait a long time while the node or nodes, or a standalone host, try and pull from Microsoft’s download servers only to fail much later in the game.

In this case we are installing the RSAT-Clustering feature (in our snip the -IncludeAllSubFeature is missing as we later discovered).

image

  • Install-WindowsFeature RSAT-Clustering -Source wim:d:\sources\install.wim:2 -IncludeAllSubFeature -Restart

Even with the installer pulling the needed files from the locally attached storage (flash drive) this one takes a while. We know we are successful when the node reboots.

Note that we are indicating INDEX 2 for the installer to pull from. That index is for the GUI version of the the OS. If we try and pull the source files from CORE INDEX 1 we will eventually end up with a failed result. And, given how long this process takes it is rather painful to discover just what the installer was looking for in the first place. :(

Philip Elder
Microsoft Cluster MVP
MPECS Inc.
Co-Author: SBS 2008 Blueprint Book

Chef de partie in the SMBKitchen
Find out more at
Third Tier: Enterprise Solutions for Small Business


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Jul
11

On a Windows Server 2012 Core deploy we ran the following command:

  • Install-WindowsFeature RSAT-Clustering

And we saw the following for a _long_ time!

image

The “Start Installation...” line kept blinking on and off all during the time it seemed to be stuck.

With a little bit of patience we eventually saw the following result:

image

The entire process took about 15-20 minutes.

So, be patient. ;)

Philip Elder
MPECS Inc.
Microsoft Small Business Specialists
Co-Author: SBS 2008 Blueprint Book

Chef de partie in the SMBKitchen
Find out more at
www.thirdtier.net/enterprise-solutions-for-small-business/

Windows Live Writer


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Jul
11

On a Windows Server 2012 Core deploy we ran the following command:

  • Install-WindowsFeature RSAT-Clustering

And we saw the following for a _long_ time!

image

The “Start Installation...” line kept blinking on and off all during the time it seemed to be stuck.

With a little bit of patience we eventually saw the following result:

image

The entire process took about 15-20 minutes.

So, be patient. ;)

Philip Elder
MPECS Inc.
Microsoft Small Business Specialists
Co-Author: SBS 2008 Blueprint Book

Chef de partie in the SMBKitchen
Find out more at
www.thirdtier.net/enterprise-solutions-for-small-business/

Windows Live Writer


Read more »



Feb
15
Troubleshooting Autodiscover, OOF and EWS using Powershell
Posted by amy on 15 February 2013 12:35 PM

In small business support I don’t often find a need to use powershell but when I do it’s usually Exchange. I found myself troubleshooting a lack of Out of Office responses and a MAC that refused to connect to Exchange the other day. These powershell commands helped me determine where the problem was.  

All three of these services require an autodiscover DNS record. So make sure that you have one. Our own Dave Shackelford wrote a very popular blog post on how to create one. You can read that post here. http://www.thirdtier.net/2011/06/setting-up-autodiscover-for-sbs-2011/

The first step is to determine if the services are configured for a URL that matches the SSL certificate.

Check the EWS URL

Powershell command to show the URL’s that EWS is configured to use.

Check and/or set the Internal autodiscover URL

1. Check the current configuration.
Get-ClientAccessServer | Select Name, *Internal* | fl

2. Define the new URL.
Set-ClientAccessServer –Identity <CAS Server Name> -AutoDiscoverServiceInternalUri: <Internal URL>

 

Verify that the OAB (Offline Address Book) has the correct URL

clip_image005

IF EWS Fails tests after verifying all settings above perform a reset of the Exchange virtual directories. This is found in the Exchange Management console under Server Configuration in the right side panel. After reset is compete run iisreset /noforce you may have to run it several times before it is successful.

This will result in the EWS directory being set to internal only.

You must then set the External URL

Powershell command to change the URL’s that EWS is configure to use.

Set-WebServicesVirtualDirectory –Identity “<EWS Name>” –ExternalUrl: https://url.domain.local/EWS/Exchange.asmx

 


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