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News
Jan
17
One Post SBS Configuration
Posted by Philip Elder on 17 January 2014 02:52 PM

Original Posted Here: MPECS Inc. Blog: One Post SBS Configuration

We are doing the following and are quite successful with the setup:

  • 2x Windows Server STD
  • Windows CALs
  • Exchange STD
  • Exchange CALs
  • RDS CALs

With that we set up one host with Hyper-V (2012 R2 preferred).

  • VM 1: DC
  • VM 2: Exchange 2013 CU3
  • VM 3: RDS
  • VM 4: LoB, WSUS

We just finished migrating our last SBS 2003 out to this setup (though with two servers and a few extra licenses).

For larger firms we can set up two identical servers and have licensing in place to allow for the following:

  • Server 1 & 2: DC VM with DHCP Failover enabled (new 2012 R2 feature)
  • Server 1: LoB VM with Replica to Server 2
  • Server 1: Exchange
  • Server 1: RDS VM with Replica to Server 2

Because Exchange and SQL have their own built-in redundancy features we have the option to configure in-guest clustering to build out the required redundancy for them.

Or, we can go with two servers with dual SAS HBAs and a dual controller SAS direct attached storage (MD3220, VTrak E610sD, DS3524) and set up an actual Hyper-V Failover Cluster. This option works very well for the very downtime conscious client.

Philip Elder
Microsoft Cluster MVP
MPECS Inc.
Co-Author: SBS 2008 Blueprint Book

Chef de partie in the SMBKitchen
Find out more at
Third Tier: Enterprise Solutions for Small Business


Read more »



Jan
9
Some Hyper-V PowerShell Commands for You
Posted by Philip Elder on 09 January 2014 01:59 PM

Original Here: MPECS Inc. Blog: Some Hyper-V PowerShell Commands for You

Here is the command set to create a vSwitch that does _not_ share the connection with the host OS:

image

  • New-VMSwitch -Name vSwitch -NetAdapterName vSwitch -AllowManagementOS 0

Note the zero to indicate no sharing with the host OS.

The -NetAdapterName value is the name of the team we created for the VMs.

Installing features and forcing the local source files is an important thing to do otherwise one may wait a long time while the node or nodes, or a standalone host, try and pull from Microsoft’s download servers only to fail much later in the game.

In this case we are installing the RSAT-Clustering feature (in our snip the -IncludeAllSubFeature is missing as we later discovered).

image

  • Install-WindowsFeature RSAT-Clustering -Source wim:d:\sources\install.wim:2 -IncludeAllSubFeature -Restart

Even with the installer pulling the needed files from the locally attached storage (flash drive) this one takes a while. We know we are successful when the node reboots.

Note that we are indicating INDEX 2 for the installer to pull from. That index is for the GUI version of the the OS. If we try and pull the source files from CORE INDEX 1 we will eventually end up with a failed result. And, given how long this process takes it is rather painful to discover just what the installer was looking for in the first place. :(

Philip Elder
Microsoft Cluster MVP
MPECS Inc.
Co-Author: SBS 2008 Blueprint Book

Chef de partie in the SMBKitchen
Find out more at
Third Tier: Enterprise Solutions for Small Business


Read more »



Nov
29
Date Stamp on Windows Server 2012 R2 Open License Media
Posted by Philip Elder on 29 November 2013 07:34 PM

Original Post Here: MPECS Inc. Blog: Date Stamp on Windows Server 2012 R2 Open License Media

We keep getting caught with dropping the early bits on a flash drive to load an OS. It’s not hard to figure out as soon as the server boots from the USB flash drive as it requests an Activation Key.

image

Note the date stamp above is August 30, 2013. That is the Open bits that will not prompt for a key.

The DVD media name:

image

  • IR1_SSS_X64FREV_EN-US_DV5

Philip Elder
Microsoft MVP
MPECS Inc.
Co-Author: SBS 2008 Blueprint Book

Chef de partie in the SMBKitchen
Find out more at
Third Tier: Enterprise Solutions for Small Business


Read more »



Oct
7

We had just finished walking through all of the steps to set up two nodes for a Server 2012 RTM Hyper-V cluster when we got hit with the following error:

image

Create Cluster Wizard

An error occurred while creating the cluster.

An error occurred while creating the cluster 'TD-12Cluster'.

Unknown error (0xc0000133)

Our initial searches turned up very little when we included Hyper-V and Cluster in our terms.

The error code however turned up a tie into time synchronization.

These nodes were set up using Windows Server 2012 Standard in Server Core mode. And, we had missed step 9 in SConfig: Date & Time!

The time zone was incorrect on both nodes.

We also noticed that the time on the test network was about 9 minutes out from our own. So, we had missed configuring the time service on the physical DC to poll the Canadian pool.ntp.org servers.

  • Blog post here: Preparing A High Load VM For Time Skew
    1. Elevate a command prompt
    2. w32tm /config /syncfromflags:manual "/manualpeerlist:0.ca.pool.ntp.org,0x1 1.ca.pool.ntp.org,0x1 2.ca.pool.ntp.org,0x1 3.ca.pool.ntp.org,0x1"
    3. w32tm /config /update
    4. net stop w32time && net start w32time
    5. w32tm /resync /force
    6. w32tm /query /source
      1. Should be 0.ca.pool.ntp.org

Once we had the domain time in order and the nodes synchronized to the DC we were able to successfully stand up the cluster in Failover Cluster Management.

image

In the end not referring to our process manuals was the key. ;)

Philip Elder
MPECS Inc.
Microsoft Small Business Specialists
Co-Author: SBS 2008 Blueprint Book

Chef de partie in the SMBKitchen
Find out more at
www.thirdtier.net/enterprise-solutions-for-small-business/

Windows Live Writer


Read more »



Oct
7

We had just finished walking through all of the steps to set up two nodes for a Server 2012 RTM Hyper-V cluster when we got hit with the following error:

image

Create Cluster Wizard

An error occurred while creating the cluster.

An error occurred while creating the cluster 'TD-12Cluster'.

Unknown error (0xc0000133)

Our initial searches turned up very little when we included Hyper-V and Cluster in our terms.

The error code however turned up a tie into time synchronization.

These nodes were set up using Windows Server 2012 Standard in Server Core mode. And, we had missed step 9 in SConfig: Date & Time!

The time zone was incorrect on both nodes.

We also noticed that the time on the test network was about 9 minutes out from our own. So, we had missed configuring the time service on the physical DC to poll the Canadian pool.ntp.org servers.

  • Blog post here: Preparing A High Load VM For Time Skew
    1. Elevate a command prompt
    2. w32tm /config /syncfromflags:manual "/manualpeerlist:0.ca.pool.ntp.org,0x1 1.ca.pool.ntp.org,0x1 2.ca.pool.ntp.org,0x1 3.ca.pool.ntp.org,0x1"
    3. w32tm /config /update
    4. net stop w32time && net start w32time
    5. w32tm /resync /force
    6. w32tm /query /source
      1. Should be 0.ca.pool.ntp.org

Once we had the domain time in order and the nodes synchronized to the DC we were able to successfully stand up the cluster in Failover Cluster Management.

image

In the end not referring to our process manuals was the key. ;)

Philip Elder
MPECS Inc.
Microsoft Small Business Specialists
Co-Author: SBS 2008 Blueprint Book

Chef de partie in the SMBKitchen
Find out more at
www.thirdtier.net/enterprise-solutions-for-small-business/

Windows Live Writer


Read more »



Sep
4
A Small Windows Server 2012 Issue
Posted by Reprinted Article on 04 September 2013 05:06 PM

This issue is by no means business critical or threatening to bring down a Hyper-V Cluster or the like.

However, someone somewhere in Quality Control seems to have missed the boat on selecting items in the Roles & Features wizard:

image

Note how there is a Check Mark that seemingly indicates the full Role feature set has been installed.

Yet, when we click into that option we get:

image

It seems to us that since there are features within that Role that have not been installed the top level indicator should be the same as the one beside File and iSCSI Services (Installed) no?

This may be a minor thing, but most certainly indicators should indicate the correct status.

We don’t have a Windows Server 2012 R2 version up and running right now so can’t compare the two. Hopefully this little oversight has been fixed in the soon to be released product.

Philip Elder
MPECS Inc.
Microsoft Small Business Specialists
Co-Author: SBS 2008 Blueprint Book

Chef de partie in the SMBKitchen
Find out more at
www.thirdtier.net/enterprise-solutions-for-small-business/

Windows Live Writer


Read more »




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